Diabetes is really a well-established problem along with a multi-billion dollar industry. It really is medically characterized by Fasting Blood glucose levels greater than 126 mg/dL , which ranges between 100-125 mg/dL are believed pre-diabetic and ranges below 99 mg/dL are believed normal. Studies find that a fasting blood glucose levels below 83 mg/dL is truly a better benchmark, as chance of cardiovascular disease begins to increase at anything above that.
IMPORTANT: There's a difference between Type 1 diabetes (an autoimmune condition) and Type 2 diabetes (lifestyle related). This informative article refers specifically to Diabetes type 2.
Some doctors make use of an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) to check for diabetes. If you’ve ever been pregnant together to consume the sickeningly sweet sugar cocktail and then have blood drawn, you're acquainted with this one. Basically, someone emerges 50-75 grams of glucose in concentrated solution and his awesome blood sugar fact is measured. I’m not just a fan of this test because nobody needs to be ingesting that much concentrated glucose, and the test is not an completely accurate measure. (Merely a side note: if you're a drinker of the “Big Gulp” drinks or considerable amounts of soda, you are putting your body by way of a similar test each day! Eventually, your body will respond, probably with something like “Fine, you would like diabetes, I’ll show you diabetes!)
A OGTT glucose of less than 140 ml/dl is considered normal, with 141-199 being pre-diabetic and levels above 200 mg/dL considered full-blown diabetes. From my research, I believe that OGTT blood glucose levels above 140 mg/dL , especially regularly, can increase likelihood of vision problems, cancer, stroke and heart problems, even lacking any official diabetes diagnosis.
It’s obvious that diabetes is a big problem, what causes it? Some maybe have you believe it is genetics, other claim a lifestyle or dietary cause…what could it be really? Let’s go back to the biology…
Biology 101: Sugar, Carbohydrates, Insulin and Fat
Any food that you simply ingest is processed and metabolized through the body. Food is separated in to the various foundations your body needs, and just what can not be metabolized or used is processed and removed from the liver. Protein and fats are used for muscle and tissue regeneration along with other processes in your body. Carbohydrates are generally an easy fuel for the body, but when more are eaten that the body immediately needs, they ought to be stored. A straightforward explanation from your previous post:
Any kind of carbohydrate is eventually divided through the body into glucose, an easy kind of sugar. As the body are able to use glucose for fuel, levels that exceed what is needed are toxic towards the body. In the end, that whole wheat muffin, cup of millet, or bowl of oatmeal turns into that a lot being a cup of soda, a donut or even a number of candy.
The problem is, glucose is actually toxic when it is just boating within your bloodstream, in order that body has a defense mechanism. Any glucose that isn't immediately used is stored as glycogen within the liver and the muscles. This is great with the exception that the body features a select few of glycogen receptors. When they are full, since they more often than not will be in inactive people, our bodies just has one option left: to store every one of the excess glucose as saturated fat within your body.

In addition for your inactive, carb addict, when the body senses glucose inside the bloodstream, the pancreas releases a hormone called insulin (perhaps you’ve heard about it?) to signal the body to store the glucose as glycogen. In the event the glycogen receptors are full plus it can’t do that, your body thinks that the cells didn’t get the message and releases even more insulin.
When this occurs for time, cells start to become up against the presence of insulin, resulting in a vicious cycle. The body then releases much more insulin, trying desperately to get the cells to uptake the toxic glucose. The existence of excess insulin inside the bloodstream can also be toxic and additional damages the receptors on these cells. Eventually, the insulin allows the glucose usage of excess fat cells to get it from the bloodstream. In other words- Fat isn’t stored as fat within the body- Sugar (from carbohydrates) is stored as fat!
So, there it is: excess sugars and carbohydrates increase insulin levels, so when this happens during a period of time, weight gain and insulin resistance occur. Seems really quite simple, right? If only it were… there are more confounding factors involved.
Grains, Sugars and Omega-6 Oils
These three will be the axis of evil in the nutrition world. They all are new introductions to the human diet, specially in the forms they may be most eaten in (processed flour, ordinary sugar and Fructose Corn Syrup and vegetable oils).As we already know, grains (specifically in a very processed form) not merely raise levels of insulin but can damage the lining with the gut, even just in people that have no official coeliac disease. Grains also cause inflammation within the body and will initiate an immune response.
Sugars raise levels of insulin, as well as over extended periods of your time, damage the pancreas and cause insulin resistance, a precursor for diabetes. Fructose will be the top offender in the sugar world, as it is recognized as a toxin your body and has no proven advantage of the body. Fructose is immediately come to the liver, where it should be processed, and a few doctors now declare that this may be a large factor in development of fatty liver disease. Excess sugar inside the bloodstream also boosts the launch of cortisol and adrenaline (more on those invoved with a moment), slows the immune response, decreases necessary Leptin levels and promotes fat storage. There are numerous kinds of sugar and sweeteners, although all should be limited, many are worse than others:
Glucose-Found in virtually all carbohydrates plus a precursor to glycogen, that your body demands for energy. It ought to be limited, but is ok moderately, specifically for healthy individuals Fructose- A toxic substance that the body doesn't have in a amount. If consumed, it must be from fruit and never sources like High Fructose Corn Syrup, which greatly increases chance of the aforementioned problems from sugar.
Sucrose- That which you know as white sugar. It features a 1:1 ratio of glucose to fructose and helps to create an insulin response in your body. Should be limited or avoided.
High Fructose Corn Syrup- Highly concentrated fructose that is dangerous to the body. Should be avoided Honey, Maple Syrup, Agave, Molasses, etc- Natural sweeteners that also contain high levels of fructose. Should be consumed only moderately by healthy people with good insulin sensitivity. Sugars in fruit- Fruit includes a great deal of natural sugar, and while most are ok in moderation, their juices ought to be avoided since they are concentrated reasons for sugar and raise blood glucose and insulin. Best fruit sources are the type loaded with antioxidants and comparatively reduced sugars, including berries. Omega 6 oils will also be a relatively new addition to this diet, making the look of them in the early 1900s. Oils in this category include vegetable, canola, cottonseed, soybean, corn, safflower, sunflower, etc. Use of these oils increased in the 1950s once they were promoted like a “healthy” option to fatty foods (they weren’t). Studies now showing that usage of these oils increases risk for obesity and will damage thyroid function. They contribute to insulin resistance and inflammation, further aggravating the indegent pancreas.
Omega-6 fats needs to be consumed in ideally, a 1:1 ratio with Omega-3 fats. Most Americans consumer a ratio better 20 or 25:1, greatly increasing chance of diabetes and obesity.
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